Science Learning Questions

Summer Term
Is a seed the beginning or the end of a plant’s life?
What do I know about plant reproduction?
What is a seed?
How are seeds dispersed?
Why is seed dispersal important?
How do seeds germinate?
How do seeds contribute to a plant’s reproduction?
How do rocks change over time?
How are rocks different?
How do rocks change over time?
How is soil formed?
How is soil different?
How useful is soil?
What are shadows?
How well do different materials allow light to pass through them?
What forms shadows?
What changes the size of shadows?
How do shadow hand puppets work?
Can I create a shadow puppet?
What can magnets do?
What do I know about forces?
What are the properties of a magnet?
Which materials are magnetic?
Are all metals magnetic?
Does the shape of the magnet matter?
Can we work ‘magic’ with magnets?
How do birds use magnetism?
What do I know about magnetism?
Spring Term
What do plants need to live and grow?
What is a plant?
Why do some plants need soil?
Do plants need light?
Do plants need water?
Why do different plants have different seeds?
How do your muscles help you?
What are muscles?
How do muscles work in pairs?
How can you make muscles stronger?
Where are muscles?
How are fossils formed?
How are fossils made?
How are fossils found?
Why are fossils important?
What are the 10 most important facts about fossils?
Who is Mary Anning?
What does reflection mean to a scientist?
How do we see things?
How does light travel?
Which materials absorb light?
Which materials reflect light?
How does a mirror work?
How can I use reflection to see around corners?
How do forces work?
What forces do we know?
What is gravity?
What happens when more than one force is being exerted at the same time?
What type of force is air resistance?
How does shape affect the impact of water resistance?
Autumn Term
Why do plants have flowers?
Can you imagine a world without flowers?
What is a flower?
The bigger the fruit, the larger the seed. Explore.
What is the function of each part of a plant?
Why are flowers scented and coloured?
How does your skeleton help you?
What does a bone look like?
What is inside bones?
What bones are inside us?
What happens where bones meet?
Why do different animals have different skeletons?
How do skeletons protect?
What is a fair test?
Do all animals have skeletons?
How can we describe rocks?
How can we describe rock?
What type of rocks are there?
How are igneous rocks formed?
How are sedimentary rocks formed?
How are metamorphic rocks formed?
What is a rock cycle?
What is the difference between light and darkness?
What is darkness and how does it make me feel?
Can light be dangerous to our eyes?
Why does the moon appear to shine?
How does light behave?
What is the difference between light and darkness?
How do things move on different surfaces?
What is a force?
How do different objects move on a surface?
What difference does a surface make to how an object moves?
How can I investigate ‘The smoother the surface, the more quickly an object will move.’?
The smoother the surface, the more quickly an object will move. True or false?
Summer Term
What makes a healthy pond environment?
What do we know about ponds and lakes near us?
How can nature affect a healthy lake environment?
How do humans unintentionally affect a healthy pond environment?
How do humans intentionally affect a pond environment?
How can Southampton Common ponds be kept healthy?
What is a food chain?
What do different animals eat?
What are producers, predators and prey?
Where do all living things get their energy from?
What happens when plants and animals decompose?
How are plants and animals connected in different environments?
What is the water cycle?
What do we mean by changing state?
What is evaporation?
What is condensation?
What are clouds?
How does temperature affect the rate of evaporation?
How does the water cycle affect plants?
Is the water cycle the same the world over?
What helps or hinders the flow of electricity? 
What do I already know about electricity?
What is an insulator of electricity?
What is a conductor of electricity?
How can I prove what materials are good conductors or insulators of electricity?
What do I know about conductors and insulators of electricity?
How can I insulate against sound?
What do I already know about sound?
How can I plan to reduce the vibrations coming to my ears?
Can I follow my plan to reduce the vibrations coming to my ears?
How effectively did I reduce the sound coming to my ears?
What questions do I now have about sound?
Spring Term
How can I identify local pond life?
What lives around a pond in this country?
What lives in a pond?
What is a key?
How can I classify plant life?
How do the ponds on Southampton Common compare?
Can I create an illustrated entry for our Southampton Common pondlife guide?
How will the pond change over time?
How do humans digest food?
How does food travel to my stomach?
What does the small intestine do?
What happens to our body waste?
What part of the digestive process takes the longest and why?
What are the main stages of digestion?
What changes solids, liquids and gases?
How can a solid change?
How can a liquid change?
What changes a reversible?
What changes a irreversible?
How can a gas change?
Can I explain how matter can change its state?
What changes can we make to sound?
What different sounds can a stringed instrument make?
What is pitch?
How do I investigate volume of sound as a scientist?
How do I investigate pitch and volume practically?
Is my voice a pitched instrument?
How can I control electricity?
What do I know about electrical circuits?
How can I predict if a circuit will work?
How is a plug wired?
How can I make a bulb brighter?
How does a switch work in a circuit?
Autumn Term
What lives in and around our school grounds?
How can we sort and classify living things?
What can I learn at the Hawthorns Centre?
What signs of life have you seen in and around our school?
How can we sort and classify the living things in and around our school?
What do you know about…?
How can I present my fact file?
Why do humans have teeth?
What do teeth look like?
Why do we need different shaped teeth?
How can we demonstrate how our mouth works?
What effect do different liquids have on our teeth?
How do we keep our mouths healthy?
What can you tell about animals from their teeth?
What are solids, liquids and gases?
What states of matter are there?
What is a solid?
What is a liquid?
How do we show gases exist?
Why do solids, liquids and gases move differently?
How does sound travel?
What sounds are there?
What sounds do instruments make?
How does sound travel?
Does sound travel through solids?
How does the ear work?
Do all animals have ears?
What is amazing and what is deadly about electricity?
What is electricity used for in our homes?
What is electricity used for in our town?
Where does electricity occur in nature?
How can I keep safe with electricity?
How does electricity travel?
Summer Term
How well can we observe change?
What are the different ways living things reproduce?
How do animals change?
What changes happen as an egg hatches?
How does an insect develop?
How does a tadpole become a frog?
How does a plant develop?
What happens to humans during puberty?
What are hormones?
What is menstruation?
What happens to hair growth in puberty?
What happens to skin in puberty?
What are reversible and irreversible changes?
What do we mean by ‘changes of state’?
What changes to materials can be reversed?
How can changes be reversed?
What is a reaction?
What are irreversible changes?
When are irreversible changes useful?
What is a moon?
What do we know about the Solar System?
What satellites Earth?
Why does Earth’s moon have phases?
What other planets have moons?
What is a lunar eclipse?
What is resistance?
How does streamlining affect rate of movement?
What is the best parachute design?
Do heavier objects fall quicker than lighter objects?
What can I learn from visiting the Winchester Science Centre?
How does air resistance affect vehicle design?
What is the best design for a cycle helmet?
Spring Term
How do plants reproduce?
Does a potato reproduce asexually?
How can a potato tuber reproduce asexually?
What do we know about the structure of a flower?
What is pollination?
What are the advantages of sexual reproduction in plants?
What is seed dispersal?
How do periods of gestation, childhood and life expectancy relate?
What is a foetus?
How do babies develop?
Is childhood the greatest period of development in a human?
What is puberty?
When is a human being an adult?
What defines old age?
How do gestation periods relate to life expectancy in animals?
How can I separate mixtures, including solutions?
How can I use filtering to separate a mixture?
How can I separate a mixture when the particle size is similar?
A solution forever?
When is a solution saturated?
What are the uses of sedimentation?
How can magnetism be used to separate a mixture?
How has scientific invention impacted on everyday life?
What creates night and day?
How does Earth move?
Why are the days shorter in Winter?
Does the sun rise and set each day?
What makes a shadow?
What is the Moon’s relationship with the Earth?
How can I explain night and day?
How do forces affect mechanisms?
What is gravity?
What is a lever?
Are all levers the same?
What is a pulley?
How do gears work?
How is a screw a simple machine?
What other simple machines are there?
Autumn Term
Are all life cycles the same?
Are all life cycles the same?
Why are there so many rats?
What is metamorphosis?
What is interesting about the life cycle of bees?
What parts of the life cycle of the Herring Gull affect me?
How does a human change?
What do we know about stages of life?
How does age relate to development?
How do we measure development?
What learning takes place from birth to starting school?
How have I developed?
How can we investigate growth?
How can we compare and group everyday materials?
How can we describe different materials?
What are conductors and insulators?
Which materials are most effective for making a warm jacket?
Which materials would make the best blackout curtains?
Which materials would be best for wrapping a lolly to stop it melting?
So how can we compare and group everyday materials?
How can we describe the movement within our solar system?
Where is our Solar System?
What is in our Solar System?
How does our Solar System work?
Have people always understood that our system is helio-centric?
What evidence would you present to counter the view of a ‘Geo-Centric’ Solar System?
What is gravity?
What is a force?
How do we know about gravity?
How can we prove that gravity exists?
How can I investigate ‘the heavier the object, the faster it will fall.’ True or False?
What can we find out about gravity on the moon?
Summer Term
What is a micro-organism?
What living things can I not see?
When are micro-organisms useful in food production?
When are micro-organisms harmful?
Where are micro-organisms on my body?
What are helpful micro-organisms?
How can science keep me healthy?
What makes my body work?
Why do we need protecting from the sun?
How can sugar affect health?
What does my liver do?
What do bones need to stay healthy?
What are vaccines?
How has man evolved?
What are the characteristics of man’s evolutionary stages?
What is natural selection?
What evidence is there of evolution?
What are the advantages of being a biped?
How might human beings evolve further?
How does light behave?
What do we remember about how light behaves?
Which materials reflect light well?
How useful is reflection?
What is a rainbow?
How does light behave in water?
What different functions can my circuit have?
What do I already know about electricity?
How does the wire affect the flow of electricity?
What happens if I vary the cell?
Can I create a useful circuit?
Spring Time
How are living things classified?
How are living things grouped?
How does close observation of a plant enable me to compare different plants?
How can a key help to identify fauna?
How can a key help to identify flora in my environment?
Why was the work of Carolus Linnaeus important?
How does lifestyle affect your body?
What is a balanced diet?
What is a drug?
Why is exercise important?
Why is hydration important?
How does handwashing keep me healthy?
Why is sleep important?
What is evolution?
What have I inherited and what have I acquired?
How are living things suited to their environment?
How has the artic fox adapted to its environment?
How do plants adapt to their environment?
What do fossils tell us about evolution?
What is a Paleontologist?
How can you make shadows change?
What do I know about light?
How can I make a shadow?
What happens to shadows when I move the point source of light?
What happens to shadows when I move an extended source of light?
How does a shadow that is made by the sun, change?
How can I make a shadow puppet?
How reliable is a sundial?
What changes can I make to series circuits?
How does a series circuit work?
What makes a good switch?
How can I change the volume of a buzzer?
What happens if I vary resistance?
Can you make a switch for a particular purpose?
Autumn Term
How do we make sense of biodiversity?
What is biodiversity?
Who was Carl Linnaeus?
How did Carl Linnaeus refine classification?
What can I learn about different types of mammals?
How does habitat affect biodiversity?
How can we identify the trees in and around our school premises?
What is a pulse and why do we have one?
What does a heart look like?
What is the heart?
What does the heart connect to?
What is blood?
What makes your pulse change?
Does size affect your pulse rate?
What is Darwin’s theory of Natural Selection?
Who was Charles Darwin?
What did Darwin experience during his voyage on HMS Beagle?
What did Darwin learn from the creatures he encountered?
What did Darwin describe as ‘variation’?
How can we investigate competition in nature?
What part does inheritance play?
How does light travel?
Where does light come from?
What is a reflection?
How can you prove that light only travels in a straight line?
What are light years?
How does light enable us to see?
How do different components in a circuit function?
Where do we find sources of electricity?
What do I need to be able to build a working electrical circuit
What is a circuit diagram?
What happens to a circuit when the components are changed?
What could change the brightness of a lamp?